Povijest heroja - Povijest

Povijest heroja - Povijest



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Junak

Škuna Hero i parobrod Hero su stara imena. Monitor Hero dobio je ime po svećenici Afroditi u Sestosu koja se, prema grčkoj legendi, bacila na Helespont nakon što se njezin ljubavnik, Leander, utopio dok je plivao iz Abidosa u susret njoj.

Ja

Drvena škuna Hero kupljena je u Baltimoreu 13. kolovoza 1861. radi ometanja ulaza u Pamlico Sound, NC, u blizini rta Hatteras. Očigledno je potonula u Ocracoke Inlet 14. studenog 1861. s još dvije škune kamene flote.


Aleksandrijski heroj

Aleksandrijski heroj ( / ˈ h ɪər oʊ / grčki: Ἥρων [1] ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, Heron ho Alexandreus također poznat kao Čaplja Aleksandrijska / ˈ h ɛr ən / c. 10. poslije Krista - c. 70. poslije Krista) bio je grčko-egipatski matematičar i inženjer koji je bio aktivan u svom rodnom gradu Aleksandriji, rimskom Egiptu. Često se smatra najvećim eksperimentatorom antike [2], a njegovo je djelo reprezentativno za helenističku znanstvenu tradiciju. [3]

Hero je objavio dobro poznati opis uređaja na parni pogon koji se zove an aeolipile (ponekad se naziva i "Hero motor"). Među njegovim najpoznatijim izumima bio je vjetar, koji predstavlja najraniji primjer uprezanja vjetra na kopnu. [4] [5] Za njega se kaže da je bio sljedbenik atomista. U svom djelu Mehanika, opisao je pantografe. [6] Neke od njegovih ideja izvedene su iz djela Ctesibiusa.

U matematici se uglavnom pamti po Heronovoj formuli, načinu izračunavanja površine trokuta koristeći samo duljine njegovih stranica.

Većina Heroinih izvornih spisa i nacrta izgubljena je, ali su neka njegova djela sačuvana, uključujući u rukopisima iz Istočnog Rimskog Carstva i u manjoj mjeri, u latinskim ili arapskim prijevodima.


Legende Amerike

Naš transparent rođen od neba, William Bauly, 1861

Zdravo, Kolumbija! sretna zemlja!
Pozdrav junaci! rajski bend!
Koji su se borili i krvarili u slobodi.

— Joseph Hopkinson

Heroj: Osoba izuzetne hrabrosti ili sposobnosti, cijenjena zbog svojih hrabrih djela i plemenitih kvaliteta.

Patriot: Osoba koja predano voli, podržava i brani svoju zemlju i njezine interese.

Heroji i domoljubi u Sjedinjenim Državama stvaraju se svaki dan, što se dogodilo otkad je prvi čovjek kročio na tlo ove velike nacije. Od najmanjih djela dobrote do hrabrih vojnika koji su dali svoje živote za ovu zemlju, ovih stotina tisuća muškaraca i žena dolazi iz svih rasa, vjera i etničkih skupina. Njihove priče i povijesti su različite, njihovi postupci i djela različiti, ostavljajući traga na svakom dijelu naše kulture i baštine. Oni su službenici zakona, političari, vojnici, izumitelji, istraživači, umjetnici, aktivisti, književnici, poslovni ljudi i obični ljudi. Neki su poznati, a većina nije.

Ovdje ih ne možemo početi sve nabrajati. No, njihova “legendarna ” djela i postignuća pripadaju stranicama Legends of America, pa će u tu svrhu ova stranica nastaviti rasti.

Američki heroji i patrioti:

John Adams, John Singleton Copley

John Adams (1735.-1826.) – Potpredsjednik Georgea Washingtona, drugog predsjednika SAD -a i oca utemeljitelja Sjedinjenih Država.

John Quincy Adams (1767.-1848.) – Sin oca utemeljitelja, Johna Adamsa, bio je političar, diplomat i bio je 6. predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država.

Samuel Adams (1722.-1803.) – Jedan od utemeljitelja Sjedinjenih Država, Adams je bio državnik, politički filozof i vođa pokreta koji je postao američka revolucija.

Susan “Doc Susie ” Anderson (1870-1960) – Jedna od prvih žena pionirskih liječnika na Zapadu.

Susan Brownell Anthony (1820.-1906.) Voditeljica Američkog društva protiv ropstva, kasnije je okrenula svoju životnu predanost ženskim izborima i, s Elizabeth Cady Stanton, osnovala Nacionalnu udrugu za pravo glasa žena i novine Revolucija.

Nathaniel Bacon (1640.-1676.) – Bogati kolonist kolonije Virginia koji je potaknuo Baconinu pobunu 1676.

Anne Hennis Trotter Bailey (1742-1825) – Poznatija kao "Mad Ann", bila je šarena figura, izviđač, špijun i indijski borac tijekom kolonijalnih indijanskih ratova i američke revolucije.

Ida B. Wells Barnett (1862.-1931.) – Crna novinarka i militantna vođa građanskih prava, bila je suosnivačica NAACP-a i prva predsjednica Društva crnaca.

Clara Barton (1824.-1912.) Nazvana “Angelom ratišta ” zbog herojstva prve pomoći tijekom građanskog rata, bila je ključna u osnivanju američkog Crvenog križa.

Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) – Znanstvenik, izumitelj, inženjer i inovator koji je zaslužan za izum prvog praktičnog telefona.

Mary Bickerdyke (1817.-1901.) – Energična heroina čiji je jedini cilj tijekom građanskog rata bio učinkovitije zbrinjavanje ranjenih vojnika Unije.

Mary McLeod Bethune (1875.-1955.) Kći bivših robova, Mary je postala spisateljica, odgajateljica, zagovornica humanitarnih ciljeva i zagovornica građanskih prava i obrazovanja za crnce.

Daniel Boone (1734.-1820.) – Graničar, pionir, geodet i indijski borac koji je prokrčio stazu poznatu kao Wilderness Road 1775.

James Bowie (1796-1836) – Agresivan graničar, pionir, istraživač i zapovjednik dobrovoljaca u Alamu, gdje je umro.

Buffalo vojnici – Iako su se Afroamerikanci borili u raznim vojnim sukobima još od kolonijalnih dana, nisu dobili nadimak “Buffalo Soldiers "sve dok se nisu počeli boriti protiv šajenskih ratnika 1867.

Benjamin Brown (1859.-1910.) – Buffalo Soldier koji se borio protiv bandita u pljački Wham Paymaster i odlikovan Medaljom časti.

Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) – škotsko-američki industrijalac, biznismen, poduzetnik i veliki filantrop.

Christopher “Kit ” Carson (1809-1868) – Carson je bio odvažan i hrabar istraživač, planinar, traper, izviđač, vojnik i lovac na bivole.

George Washington Carver (1864-1943) – Američki znanstvenik, botaničar, pedagog i izumitelj.

George Rogers Clark – (1752-1818) – Vojnik iz Virginije i najviši američki vojni časnik na sjeverozapadnoj granici tijekom Američkog rata za nezavisnost.

William Clark (1770-1838) – Istraživač i geografski stručnjak koji je zajedno vodio ekspediciju Lewisa i Clarka.

Henry Clay (1777-1852) – Američki državnik, govornik, pregovarač i političar iz devetnaestog stoljeća koji je proglašen jednim od najvećih senatora u povijesti SAD-a.

Samuel Langhorne Clemens, zvani Mark Twain (1835-1910) – Autor i humorist, ponekad ga nazivaju i ocem američke književnosti. ”

Davy Crockett (1786-1836) – Graničar, istraživač i američki narodni heroj, Crockett je predstavljao Tennessee u američkom Kongresu, služio je u revoluciji u Teksasu, a umro je u 49. godini u bitci za Alamo.

Thomas Alva Edison (1847.-1931.) – Izumitelj, znanstvenik i poslovni čovjek koji je razvio mnoge uređaje koji su uvelike utjecali na život diljem svijeta.

Dwight David “Ike ” Eisenhower (1890-1969) – General s pet zvjezdica u vojsci Sjedinjenih Država i 34. predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država. Eisenhower je visoko rangiran među bivšim američkim predsjednicima po ocjeni odobrenja.

Albert Einstein, Doris Ulmann, 1931

Albert Einstein (1879-1955) – Švicarsko-američki teoretski fizičar, filozof i autor njemačkog porijekla, koji se smatra jednim od najutjecajnijih i najpoznatijih znanstvenika i intelektualaca svih vremena. Često se smatra ocem moderne fizike.

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) – Esejist, filozof i pjesnik, najbolje pamćen po tome što je predvodio transcendentalistički pokret sredinom 19. stoljeća.

Thomas Ewing, Jr. (1829.-1896.) – Vojni časnik, zagovornik Slobodne države i prvi vrhovni sudac savezne države Kansas

Henry Ford (1863.-1947.) – Izumitelj koji je predstavio automobil Model T, koji je napravio revoluciju u prijevozu i američkoj industriji te osnivač Ford Motor Company. Za života je dobio 161 američki patent.

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) – Intelektualac, autor, političar, znanstvenik, izumitelj, građanski aktivist, državnik, vojnik i diplomat, Franklin je poznat kao jedan od očeva utemeljitelja Sjedinjenih Država.

Robert Fulton (1765.-1815.) – Fulton je bio američki inženjer i izumitelj koji je nadaleko zaslužan za razvoj komercijalno uspješnog parobroda zvanog Claremont.

“Junak je netko tko razumije odgovornost koja dolazi sa njegovom slobodom. ”
— Bob Dylan, američki folk pjevač

Deborah Sampson Gannett (1760.-1827.) Upisala se u 4. pukovniju Massachusetts pod pretpostavljenim muškim imenom, postavši prva žena koja se prijavila kao vojnik u američku vojsku. Nakon što je ranjena devetnaest mjeseci kasnije, primila je počasni liječnički otpust, a kasnije i vojnu mirovinu.

William Lloyd Garrison (1805.-1879.) – Novinar i društveni reformator, najpoznatiji je kao urednik radikalnih abolicionističkih novina The Liberator. Bio je jedan od osnivača Američkog društva protiv ropstva i istaknuti glas ženskog pokreta za biračko pravo.

Američki najveći domoljubi

Ulysses S. Grant (1822.-1885.) – američki general i 18. predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država, postigao je međunarodnu slavu kao vodeći general Unije u građanskom ratu. Međutim, nije bio dobro ocijenjen kao američki predsjednik.

Nathanael Greene (1742-1786) – General bojnik Kontinentalne vojske u Američkom ratu za nezavisnost, vojna reputacija Greenea#8217 bila je odmah iza generala Georgea Washingtona.

Nathan Hale (1755-1776) – Vojnik Kontinentalne vojske tijekom Američkog rata za nezavisnost, poznat je kao prvi američki špijun. Najviše ga se sjećaju po govoru prije obješenja nakon bitke za Long Island, u kojoj je rekao, “Žalim samo što moram izgubiti samo jedan život za svoju zemlju. ”

Alexander Hamilton (1755.-1804.) – Ađutant logora generala Georgea Washingtona tijekom Američke revolucije, utemeljitelja naše zemlje, ekonomista i političkog filozofa.

William Henry Harrison (1773-1841) – Deveti predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država, vojni časnik i političar, bio je prvi predsjednik koji je umro na dužnosti. Imao je najkraći mandat u predsjedničkoj povijesti. Kao vojni časnik i guverner teritorija koji je danas u Indiani i Illinoisu, borio se s Indijancima i sklapao s njima oštre ugovore, otvarajući put bijelcima za naseljavanje prema zapadu. Njegove vojne pobjede protiv Indijanaca učinile su ga herojem bijelih Amerikanaca.

Patrick Henry (1736-1799) – Guverner Virginije, istaknuta osoba u američkoj revoluciji i jedan od očeva utemeljitelja Sjedinjenih Država.

Junakinje jugozapada – Nijedan dio naše zemlje nije bio poprište romantičnijih i opasnijih avantura od one regije opisane pod širokim i neodređenim izrazom jugozapad. ” Teksas, Novi Meksiko i Arizona prostrani su, udaljeni i raznoliki. polja s kojima su opasnost i teškoće, čuđenje i misterij povezani.

Heroine preko ravnice – Kretanje emigracije prema zapadu od početka XVII stoljeća nalikuje velikim oceanskim valovima tijekom rastuće plime. Meteći neprestano kotrljajući vodeni otpad, vučen Mjesečevom silom, svaki se nalet juri sve više i više na plaži, sve dok se ne potroši privlačan utjecaj i ne dosegne konačna granica.

Heroine u Stjenovitim planinama – Među tim povijestima, koje najjasnije ilustriraju vrline žena pionirki, računamo one koje prikazuju njezinu borbu s poteškoćama pri prolasku kroz planine, kao dokaz da se heroina tog vremena može uporediti s onima koji imaju živio prije nje u bilo kojoj dobi ili klimi.

Samuel Houston (1793-1863) – Državnik, političar i vojnik devetnaestog stoljeća, Houston je bio ključna osoba u revoluciji u Teksasu i djelovao je kao prvi i treći predsjednik Republike Texas.

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) – Treći predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država i glavni autor Deklaracije o neovisnosti. Poznat po promicanju ideala republikanizma u Sjedinjenim Državama, smatra se jednim od najutjecajnijih očeva utemeljitelja.

John Paul Jones (1747-1792) – Prvi poznati pomorski lovac u američkoj revoluciji.

John F. Kennedy (1917.-1963.) – Zapovjednik tijekom Drugog svjetskog rata i 35. predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država. Ubijen je 1963. godine.

Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929.-1968.) – Svećenik, aktivist i istaknuti vođa afroameričkog pokreta za građanska prava, u kojem je podigao javnu svijest o pokretu za građanska prava i etablirao se kao jedan od najvećih govornika u povijesti SAD -a. Ubijen je 1968. godine.

Robert E. Lee (1807.-1870.) – Lee bio je karijerni časnik američke vojske i najslavniji general snaga Konfederacije tijekom Građanskog rata.

Meriwether Lewis (1774.-1809.) – Istraživač, vojnik i javni administrator, Lewis je bio najpoznatiji po ulozi vođe Korpusa otkrića, čija je misija bila istražiti teritorij kupnje u Louisiani.

Abraham Lincoln (1809.-1865.) – Pionir, odvjetnik i 16. predsjednik SAD -a, proveo je ovu zemlju kroz najrazornije iskustvo u njezinoj nacionalnoj povijesti i#8212 Građanski rat. Ubijen je 14. travnja 1865., a sutradan je umro. Mnogi povjesničari smatraju ga najvećim američkim predsjednikom.

Charles Augustus Lindbergh (1902.-1974.) – Avijatičar, autor, izumitelj i istraživač.

James Madison (1751-1836) – Političar, politički filozof, četvrti predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država i jedan od očeva utemeljitelja zemlje. On je imao značajnu ulogu u pisanju Ustava i napisao je Zakon o pravima.

John Marshall (1755-1835) – Državnik, političar i pravnik koji je oblikovao američko ustavno pravo i učinio Vrhovni sud centrom moći.

Audie Murphy (1924. i#8211 1971.) – Proslavio se u Drugom svjetskom ratu kao najodlikovaniji američki heroj. Bio je dobitnik 24 odlikovanja, uključujući Kongresnu medalju časti prije svog 21. rođendana. Murphy je postao svjetski poznata filmska zvijezda.

Thomas Paine (1737.-1809.) – Autor, radikal, izumitelj, intelektualac, revolucionar i jedan od očeva utemeljitelja Sjedinjenih Država.

Parkovi Rosa Louise McCauley (1913.-2005.) – Afroamerički aktivist za građanska prava kojeg je američki Kongres kasnije nazvao “Majkom modernog pokreta za građanska prava. ”

Pocahontas (1595.- 1617.) – Indijska princeza Powhatan, bila je zato što je pomagala kolonijalnim doseljenicima u Jamestownu i navodno spasila život vođi kolonije, kapetanu Johnu Smithu.

Izrael Putnam (1718-1790) – Vojni general koji se s odlikovanjem borio u bitci na Bunker Hillu tijekom Američke revolucije. Nije toliko poznat kao drugi povijesni heroji, pokazao je bezobzirnu hrabrost i borbenost.

Ronald Wilson Reagan (1911.-2004.) – 40. predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država 33. guverner Kalifornije. On se visoko rangira među bivšim američkim predsjednicima u smislu ocjene odobrenja i u predsjedničkim istraživanjima.

Bass Reeves (1839–1910) – Jedan od najpoznatijih i najučinkovitijih američkih zamjenika maršala na indijskom teritoriju.

Paul Revere (1734.-1818.) – Paul Revere je američki narodni heroj Američke revolucije čija je dramatična jahanja u noći 18. travnja 1775. upozorila stanovnike područja Bostona da dolaze Britanci.

Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) Politički i društveni reformator, humanitarni i otvoreni križar, ova je prva dama zastupala uzroke socijalne pravde u cijelom svijetu, a kao delegat Ujedinjenih naroda predsjedala je Povjerenstvom Ujedinjenih naroda za ljudska prava.

Theodore “Teddy ” Roosevelt (1858-1919) – 26. predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država, vođa Grubih jahača, prirodnjak, istraživač, lovac i autor.

“Muška zemlja nije određeno područje zemlje, planina, rijeka i šuma, ali je princip i domoljublje je odanost tom principu.
— George William Curtis, američki društveni reformator, autor i urednik u 19. stoljeću ”

Jonas Edward Salk (1914.-1995.) – Medicinski istraživač i virolog, najpoznatiji je po svom otkriću i razvoju prvog sigurnog i djelotvornog cjepiva protiv dječje paralize.

Jedina poznata fotografija načelnika Seattlea, 1864

Šef Seattlea, zvani: Sealth, Seathle, Seathl ili See-ahth (1780? -1866) – Vođa indijanskih plemena Suquamish i Duwamish u današnjem Washingtonu. Bio je poznat kao veliki vođa, govornik, ratnik i pregovarač.

Kapetan John Smith (1580-1631) – Engleski vojnik, istraživač, admiral i autor, Smith je osnovao prvo stalno englesko naselje u Sjevernoj Americi u Jamestownu u Virginiji 1607. godine.

Kapetan Myles Standish (1584? -1656) – Engleski vojni časnik, putnik Mayflower i prvi zapovjednik kolonije Plymouth.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815.-1902.) Poznat, zajedno sa Susan B. Anthony, kao jedna od najistaknutijih figura pokreta za ravnopravnost žena.

Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1880

Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811.-1896.) – Abolicionistica i autorica, napisala je kabinu ujaka Toma i postala utjecajna u političkim pitanjima ropstva.

Zachary Taylor (1784.-1850.) – Uvaženi general i 12. predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država, Taylor je služio u ratu 1812. i Meksičko-američkom ratu, gdje je zaslužio nadimak “Staro grubo i spremno. ” Izabran je za predsjednika 1848. godine, prvi koji nikada nije obnašao niti jednu prethodnu izabranu dužnost. Bio je i posljednji predsjednik koji je držao robove dok je bio na dužnosti. Umro je samo dvije godine nakon što je postao predsjednik.

William B. Travis (1809.-1836.) – Odvjetnik koji se nastanio u Teksasu iz Alabame, Travis snažno nije volio meksičku vlast i borio se u revoluciji u Teksasu. Boreći se zajedno s Jamesom Bowiejem i Davyjem Crockettom, poginuo je u bitci za Alamo.

Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) – Topnički časnik u Prvom svjetskom ratu, senator, potpredsjednik pod vodstvom Franklina D. Roosevelta i 33. predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država. Većina američkih povjesničara Trumana smatra jednim od najvećih američkih predsjednika.

Harriet Tubman (1815.-1913.) Kao “provodnik ” na Podzemnoj željeznici, ova odbjegla robinja pomogla je tisućama crnaca pobjeći na sjever prije građanskog rata, tijekom kojeg je služila kao medicinska sestra Unije i vojni špijun.

Mark Twain – Vidi Samuel Langhorne Clemens

Sarah Rosetta Wakeman zvana: privatni Lyons Wakeman (1843-1864) – Prerušivši se u muškarca, Wakeman se borila u građanskom ratu za Uniju.

Mary Edwards Walker (1832-1919) – Feministica, doktorica zabrana, zabrana, navodna špijunka, ratna zarobljenica i kirurginja u građanskom ratu, Mary je jedina žena koja je ikada dobila medalju časti.

William Alexander Anderson “Bigfoot ” Wallace (1817-1899) – Nekoliko je godina služio kao teksaški odvjetnik prije nego što se pridružio Texas Rangersu i ubrzo postao kapetanom. Umro je 7. siječnja 1899. godine.

Booker Taliaferro Washington (1856-1915) – Politički vođa, pedagog, govornik i autor, bio je dominantna figura u afroameričkoj zajednici u Sjedinjenim Državama od 1890. do 1915. godine.

George Washington (1732-1799) – Prvi predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država i zapovjednik kontinentalne vojske u američkoj revoluciji.

Bojanje povijesti prema Legendama Amerike

Cathay Williams (1842- ??) – Kad je Kongres donio akt kojim se odobrava osnivanje prvih crnih vojnih jedinica, kasnije poznatih kao “Buffalo Soldiers, ” Cathay Williams, postala je prva i jedina žena Buffalo Soldier.

Samuel Wilson (Podrijetlo ujaka Sama) (17 ??-1854) – U rujnu 1961. Kongres SAD -a priznao je Samuela Wilsona za “ rodonačelnika američkog nacionalnog simbola ujaka Sama. ”

Eli Whitney (1765.-1825.) – Izumitelj koji je izumio džin pamuk, pomogao je u oblikovanju industrijske revolucije i gospodarstva juga antebellum.

Žena kao pionirka – Svaka bitka ima svoje neimenovane heroje. Postoje i druge bitke i vojske osim onih u kojima se tisuće discipliniranih ljudi kreću po zemlji uz zvuke bubnja i svirke. Život je samo bitka i od početka svijeta nije pokrenuta nijedna veća vojska od one koja se više od dva stoljeća i pol kretala preko našeg kontinenta od Atlantika do Pacifika, probijajući se kroz bezbrojne teškoće i opasnosti, koje nose zastavu civilizacije, i izgradnju nove republike u pustinji.

Žene u vojsci – U velikim ratovima američke povijesti postoje, u neposrednoj vezi s vojskom, dvije situacije u kojima se žena više pojavljuje: prva je mjesto gdje, u svojoj pravoj osobi, prati vojsku kao “vivandiere, ”Ili kao kći pukovnije, ili kao drugarica i pomoćnica njezina supruga, potonji, a rjeđe, je sposobnost vojnika, koji se slaže u redovima i suočava se s neprijateljem u času opasnosti.

Braća Wright – Braća Wright, Orville (1871-1948) i Wilbur (1867-1912) općenito su zaslužni za izum i izgradnju prvog uspješnog zrakoplova na svijetu te za stvaranje prvog kontroliranog, pogonskog i održivog čovjeka težeg od zraka let, 17. prosinca 1903. godine.

U spomen na naše poginule heroje, 1884

Sastavila i uredila Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, ažurirano u lipnju 2020.

Ništa nije dato čovjeku na zemlji – borba je ugrađena u prirodu života,
a sukob je moguć – junak je čovjek koji ne dopušta da ga spriječe prepreke
slijedeći vrijednosti koje je odabrao.


Od Swashbucklersa do Supermena: Kratka povijest heroja akcijskih filmova

Ovdje & rsquos trenutak za Nemoguća misija& mdashRogue Nation & mdash Tom Cruise, spasitelj karijere, MVP za franšizu i najbolji ljetni akcijski uspjeh Furiose koji nije imperator & mdash, gdje redatelj CIA-e naziva neumornog heroja filma kao "živu manifestaciju sudbine". o nepredvidivom agentu, linija je očito (ako svjesno) smiješna. Dok Alec Baldwin govori o Tomu Cruiseu, dijalog zvuči upravo o novcu. Taj bi se izraz mogao staviti u prvu rečenicu njegove biografije i nitko neće dvaput razmisliti.

Kad je superzvijezda prije 19 godina prvi put stupila u ulogu superšpijuna Ethana Hunta, nije bilo jasno kakav je akcijski junak duhovit i hiperintenzivan Kišni čovjek zvijezda je to trebala biti. Sada, pet filmova kasnije, odgovor je jasan: Svi oni. Kako je franšiza odmicala, Cruise nije učinio ništa drugo nego uzeo 100 godina akcijskih filmova i srušio ih u jednu (vrlo kompaktnu) osobu. Pogledamo li pobliže arhetip krajem ljeta godine Odmetnik, bi li potvrdilo da smo došli do logičnog zaključka holivudskog akcijskog heroja kakvog poznajemo? Ili smo možda na provaliji nečeg novog & mdash koji nam visi o rubu filmskog mlaza vrhovima prstiju dok se uspinje u nepoznate dijelove?

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Dok se sezona šatora i uumlber-alles spušta prema Betlehemu (poznata i kao sezona dodjele nagrada), bacamo se posljednji pogled unatrag i pratimo kako se ova glavna stavka holivudskih filmova promijenila tijekom desetljeća. To je evolucija akcijskog heroja & mdash od 1920 -ih do danas & mdash u samo 10 lakih koraka.

Akrobata
Radnja je jedan od glavnih filmova otkad je Edwin S. Porter poslao bačvu lokomotive ravno u publiku, ali prvi pravi akcijski junaci zapravo su bili komičari. Ne možete dobiti Jackie Chan bez Charlieja Chaplina Bonda & mdash James Bond & mdash praktički je nezamisliv bez Bustera Keatona i nemoguće je zamisliti Ethana Hunta bez Harolda Lloyda koji visi na satu.

Šaljivdžije iz tihe ere pamte se kao nespretni agenti kaosa, ali su također bili i odvažni ljudi koji su riskirali živote i udove za dobar smijeh i postavili temelje za gotovo sve podsmehe koji su uslijedili. Nitko to nije bolje ilustrirao od Keatona & mdasha koji ga je promatrao kako se hvata za automobile u pokretu, preskače ponornice, ljulja se preko slapova, skače oko i na pokretnim vlakovima (uključujući jednu vratolomiju koja mu je ostavila slomljen vrat) i vozi motor na svom upravljač, možete osjetiti kako vam se puls ubrzava. Čak i kad je izvodio vratolomije, činilo se da se radnja događa do njega & mdash poput poznatog pada kuće slijed iz Parobrod Bill Jr. (1928) & mdash komičar je imao sposobnost da učini da mirovanje djeluje potpuno kinetički. Zaboravite zapadnjačke tvrdoglave momke, moderni akcijski junak zaista počinje ovdje.

Swashbuckler
U međuvremenu se s druge strane grada Douglas Fairbanks stariji smijao pred opasnošću. Hrabriji i otvorenije sportski nastrojen od velikih komičara tog doba, okretni glumac rodio je akcijskog junaka koji je mogao spasiti dan, natjerati djevojku da padne u nesvijest, a zatim se zamahnuti na zapaljenom lusteru ili visećem jedru piratskog broda na vrijeme. Kao i Errol Flynn nakon njega, jedino što je činilo se da razdvaja Fairbanksove#8217 likove od glumčeve legendarne osobe izvan ekrana bio je šareni kostim i randy rappie. A kad bi Flynn ukrstio sablje s Basilom Rathboneom i Sir Guyem u Avanture Robina Hooda (1938), Hollywood je od viteškog čovjeka od akcije napravio zadani herojski način rada i nikada se neće osvrnuti.

Vuk samotnjak
Nakon Drugog svjetskog rata, jedna generacija američkih muškaraca bila je prisiljena sama postati heroji akcije. Kad su se vratili iz borbi, promijenili su se i mda su ti vojnici vidjeli stvari koje nisu mogli vidjeti, a to su odražavali i filmovi koji su za njih snimljeni.

John Wayne proslavio se prije rata glumeći relativno jednostavne oružare, ljude koji su lutali divljinom doline Monument jer su na tom mjestu uspjeli. Tijekom rata bio je proglašen časnikom, ako ne i džentlmenom, koji je vodio borbene eskadrile u zračnim napadima i pomagao grmljavcima pri podizanju zastave u Iwo Jimi. Ali 1956. i#8217 Pretraživačimeđutim, Wayne je otkrio novu nijansu ružnoće djelovanja, iskoristivši svoju otetu nećakinju u genocidni križarski rat protiv Komanča. Njegov neprežaljeni rasizam bio je ožiljak razbijenog svijeta, a film završava njegovim likom koji je učinkovito protjeran iz civilizacije, previše deformiran da bi se mogao ponovno integrirati u društvo koje je riskirao da bi sačuvao svoj život.

Kul kupac
Ne samo da je Steve McQueen definirao tip o kojem ovdje govorimo (vidi Veliki bijeg, Veličanstvena sedmorka, Bullitt…Samo ste pogledali gotovo svaki film o Steveu McQueenu, zaista), on je to i najbolje opisao: “Ne želim ’željeti biti tip koji uči, ja želim biti tip koji zna.” Daleko od toga, recimo, Sjever prema sjeverozapadu‘s Cary Grant i vaš pogrešni čovjek iz Hitchockiana, heroj iz McQueena bio je tip koji je skočio sa svog motocikla Triumph ili lansirao svoj Ford Mustang preko brdovitih cesta San Francisca, sve to s hrabrošću čovjeka koji je znao da uvijek može držati desant. Smiren, sabran i spreman na sve, mogao bi odbaciti liniju poput “Razgovaramo u olovu, prijatelju ” ili pronaći novi osjećaj volje za volanom mišićavog automobila.

A onda je tu bio i James Bond, čovjek koji je ujutro mogao biti mučen, spasiti svijet nakon ručka i mirno spavati pored grube (i potpuno zamjenjive) bebe te noći & mdash netko poput poručnika Franka Bullitta, koji se usudio pogledati u ogledalo i razmotriti vlastiti odraz, bio je praktički filozof u usporedbi s tim. Najnovija inkarnacija lika malo je zakomplicirala stvari, ali Bond je rođen kao čovjek bez udubljenja u oklopu, bez bora u smokingu i bez drugih misli u glavi osim “ubi negativca, shvati djevojko, spasi svijet i izgledaj dobro radeći to. ” Prvi put od ludorija, akcijski junak je udvostručio vjerodostojni seks simbol.

Vigilante
Sljedeća generacija akcijskih junaka proizašla je iz jednostavnog pitanja: Što ako je Steve McQueen neprežaljeni seronja? Njihovo prisustvo najavljeno je pucnjevima umjesto koracima, a svaku su rečenicu isprekidali metkom. Oni su bili zli kučkini sinovi koji su se šepali i kršili sva pravila samo zato što su mogli i iznenaditi, mnogi od njih su bili policajci (neke se stvari nikad ne promijene). Bilo što za hvatanje loših momaka, zar ne?

Clint Eastwood već se snašao u šestorici, zahvaljujući godinama stvaranja zvijezda u špageti vesternima, ali sve se promijenilo kada su mu stavili .44 Magnum u ruku. Nekad šutljivi oružani napadač koji je samo htio zajahati u zalazak sunca sa svojim djelom akcije, Prljavi Harry vidio Eastwooda kako se ponovno rodio kao sociopat. Harry Callahan nije samo zaustavio negativce, već se i petljao s njima zbog svoje bolesne zabave. Nije bio prisiljen na nasilje, to ga je uzbudilo & mdash zbog ove pasmine akcijskih junaka, zlikovac je bio samo dobar izgovor. Začuđujuće, film završava tako što je Callahan bacio svoju značku u neku mutnu vodu.

No, Harry Callahan je u usporedbi s njim bio praktički izviđač Francuska veza‘s detektiv Jimmy “Popeye ” Doyle (Gene Hackman), fanatični alkoholičar koji je ženio ženu i koji je slučajno ubio kolegu policajca tijekom svoje vrhunske jurnjave filmom, a nije se čak niti zaustavio. A onda je došlo do Želja smrti serija, koja se nije ni potrudila svom junaku dati značku. Čuvena urbana paranoja iz sedamdesetih, Horror City franšiza, upravo je svakom Bronsonu dala izgovor da uzme pravdu u svoje ruke, pa je njegov akcijski junak od mirnog arhitekta postao jedan od najplodnijih filmskih masovnih ubojica 20. stoljeća.

Stroj za ubijanje
Vjerojatno odgođen odgovor na neuspjeh Vijetnamskog rata (serija Rambo prikazuje silazak od osjetljivog veterinara do vojske bez mozga), akcijski heroj osamdesetih imao je težak zadatak pronaći pištolj veći od ruke koju su držali to s. Blještavili su ljudski crtani filmovi, s bicepsima dovoljno snažnim da nose cijeli film, a anonimne horde neprijateljskih poslušnika praktički bi zaronile u propast kad bi se Sylvester Stallone ili Dolph Lundgren približili njima žrtvujući se steroidnim bogovima pokolja. Arnold Schwarzenegger usavršio bi ovu vrstu hipermuškog parnog valjka 1984. i#8217. Terminator, uzdižući se od moćnika do ikone svirajući doslovnu mašinu za ubijanje.

Na kraju su ti likovi postali toliko veliki i smiješni da je parodija postala jedino sredstvo za vođenje, poput Policajac iz vrtića 1990. godine i Heroj posljednje akcije 1993. Srećom, neki estrogen je bio na putu.

Heroina
Hollywood has never been a particularly welcoming place for action heroines: In order to find a good one you had to look in Japan, in the grindhouse, or &mdash most reliably &mdash in outer space. Asian cinema had Lady Snowblood, blaxploitation had Foxy Brown, and the mainstream had one blaster-packing princess traveling around a galaxy far, far away.

And then there was Ellen Ripley. Written as a man but cast as a woman, the Alien heroine was a cinematic drag act whose gender was largely irrelevant to the conflict at hand. The sequel pushed the needle away from androgyny, the introduction of Newt effectively transforming Ripley into a maternal figure (and forcing her into a Darwinian fight to the death against a mother who had just lost all of her babies). Sigourney Weaver’s bad-ass protector set the stage for the Sarah Connor 2.0 we got in Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), with a muscular Linda Hamilton transforming the original character from damsel in distress to shotgun-toting death-dealer.

Of course, it was only a matter of time before Hollywood confused gender for sex, and the small handful of female action heroes that cropped up during the Nineties and the early aughts were mostly hyper-sexualized to the point of regression. (Remember Barb Wire? Hopefully not.) Somewhere off in the distance, Imperator Furiosa was waiting patiently, ready to be called off the bench and out in the field.

The Everyhero
John McClane was obviously never going to die, but that didn’t mean he couldn’t be killed. He was bleeding from his feet. He was balding. He was estranged from his wife, but still felt a very real obligation towards her. He was just supposed to come out to the coast and have a few laughs. Hans Gruber and his troop of German terrorists never stood a chance, but McClane nevertheless introduced a measure of doubt into the equation.

Kada Umri muški arrived in 1988, brawn was suddenly replaced by attitude, and bloodlust was replaced by situational mandate. McLane wasn’t gung-ho, he was put-upon you knew there was always somewhere else he would rather be. He was an everyman caught in a sticky situation, and that dynamic proved so compelling that Hollywood would riff on this throughout the 1990s (and beyond), introducing a wide variety of unlikely heroes whose glory was forged by one very bad set of circumstances. There’s a terrorist in a building. There’s a bomb on a bus. There’s an Ed Harris on Alcatraz. There’s snakes on a plane. There’s a man who’s going to rise to the challenge.

Martial artists would quickly co-opt this type as well, flexibly adapting from killing machines into more ordinary guys: Steven Seagal played the super deadly cook of a hijacked ship in 1992’s Under Siege, and Jean-Claude Van Damme was, um, a security guard at a high stakes hockey game in 1995’s Sudden Death. They didn’t know it at the time, but these guys were among the last generation of action hero who didn’t have to compete with the special effects that brought their exploits to life.

The Superheroes
&hellipAnd then God created spandex.

Superhero movies existed long before Iron Man sparked the big bang of the Marvel Cinematic Universe in 2008. But the genre explosion that resulted from the birth of the MCU cobbled together a fresh action archetype from a mess of familiar parts in much the same way as Tony Stark cobbled together his first Mark 1 prototype.

They look like Abercrombie models, they quip like Han Solo, and they dress like they’ve just been rejected from Cirque du Soleil. They’re all in ridiculous shape, but the modern action movie’s reliance on the magic of CGI has lowered the physical requirements of its stars, rendering their muscles almost purely cosmetic (Paul Rudd spent months carving out a six pack for Ant-Man, but his abs are only seen in a single shot, revealed in a scene that exists for the sole purpose of showing them off).

They’re huggable, they’re meme-able, they’re a walking compilation of gestures that can be readily reduced into GIFs. They’re fuzzy enough that the actors can wear their costumes to visit hospitalized children, but tough enough that teenage boys feel comfortable gawping at their feats of strength. They’re a fellowship of equals, relying on each other like the heroes from the men-on-a-mission movies of the Sixties (there’s no “I” in “Avengers”). They are focus-grouped to perfection, and while they wrestle with themselves (or, in Christopher Nolan and Zack Snyder’s movies, they brutally cage fight their inner demons), their devotion to the greater good is seldom in doubt. Most of all, they are here to stay.

The AARP Generation
Taken was hardly the first time that an action movie was fronted by someone eligible for Social Security (Charles Bronson was approximately 412-years-old in the accurately titled Death Wish V: The Face of Death). But there’s no denying that Liam Neeson elevated “I’m getting too old for this shit” from a hacky line of dialogue to a bonafide sub-genre. Innocuously dumped into American theaters in January of 2009 (almost a year after it debuted in France), Pierre Morel’s unapologetic B-movie tells the story of a retired, overprotective CIA agent named Bryan Mills who’s super paranoid about his teenage daughter’s trip to Paris. Naturally, she’s targeted by a ring of human traffickers about six seconds after she clears customs.

Despite being 55 years old at the time, Neeson murdered half the henchmen in Europe, snapping enough necks to make Steven Seagal blush. And thanks to the wonders of shaky-cam and rapid-fire editing, the whole thing was probably less taxing on Neeson’s body than his performance in Love Actually (I mean, he had to cry in that one).

It was ridiculous, and it worked because Neeson didn’t have to pretend that it wasn’t. During a press stop between sequels, the actor candidly remarked: “It’s like, I’m 61 years of age. I mean, come on. It’s a joke. It’s like [pretends to pick up a phone], ‘How much?’ Ok, I’ll be there.'”

Taken proved that audiences weren’t hung up on the ages of their male action stars, at which point everyone from Denzel Washington (The Equalizer) to Sean Penn (The Gunman) decided to cash in on the pensioner-kicking-ass wave. It also demonstrated that filmgoers were willing to go along with pretty much anything so much as it played against the austerity of an actor’s image or stoked a measure of nostalgia. And so, a little more than two years later, Stallone slapped together The Expendables, the franchise providing a veritable retirement home for the action stars of yore.

The Manifestation of Destiny
Which brings us back to Ethan Hunt.

Leveraging the role into an opportunity to be the platonic ideal of the action hero, Tom Cruise has routinely displayed the fearlessness of the silent stars (remember that free-climbing madness from the beginning of Mission: Impossible II?), the easy charm of a swashbuckler, the cool resourcefulness of James Bond, the intense inner turmoil of John Wayne, the recklessness of Harry Callahan, the invincibility of John Rambo, the breezy camaraderie of the Avengers, and &mdash if you squint &mdash the cracking veneer of a guy who’s not as young as he used to be.

And yet, watching Cruise do all that, it’s telling that the big takeaway from this summer’s biggest non-superhero action hit was a rival agent who can go toe-to-toe with Hunt and still come out a foot taller. Rogue Nation ace in the hole may be its heroine, with Rebecca Ferguson’s secret agent Ilsa Faust proving to be Hunt’s equal match in spy-vs-spy shenanigans, and his superior when it comes to wielding high-powered rifles while wearing evening gowns and heels. The end of the film makes it clear to whom Hunt will report, should there be a Mission: Impossible VI. Where Ilsa goes from here, however, is anyone’s guess.


History of Hero - History

Young paragon, bearer of two heroic legacies and sweet tribute to her creator’s lost sibling. She’s many things, but most of all, she’s a hero to her core. This, then, is your Major Spoilers Hero History of Courtney Whitmore, the masked adventurer known as… Stargirl!

There is a truism in the world of Hero Histories: The shorter the tenure, the simpler to put together. When considering the history of a character dating back to the dawn of superheroic history, it is a very daunting matter to recount the entirety of their history, as even a fictional universe will have been through a lot of changes in 80 years. Today’s entrant has had at least four notable iterations in her time, but today we focus specifically on the second of her major historical eras. Some might call it the Silver Age version an inaccurate designation, as&hellip

They say youth is wasted on the young, and that’s never more true than when it comes to superhuman powers. With a few rare exceptions (like that Parker kid), a teenager with super-powers tends to get sidelined as a sidekick or wannabe, and even the far-flung future heroes of the Legion get flack for their characteristic idealism and impulsiveness, but that hasn’t stopped the likes of the New Warriors, the Teen Titans, and even Generation X from fighting their respective good fights. So it was, some years ago, that a headstrong young man assembled his own league of justice in&hellip

Or – “Power And Responsibility Transcending Time And Space…” The modern Heroic Age of the modern universe gave rise to legends that have endured for decades, both in-universe and out. Among those is the legend of Spider-Man, a colorful hero whose battles against foes large and small taught everyone a lesson involving the responsibilities of having super-powers. About a century later (depending on comic-book time, of course) a new hero rose, taking his name as a tribute to the old and heralding, like his predecessor, a new heroic age. And, like Peter Parker, he was considered an unlikely hero, but&hellip

It’s a strange thing to be first. Many times, the first iteration of something isn’t the most iconic, the best or even the most well-known, but today’s Hero History entrant puts the lie to that expectation. After years of nearly no super-heroic representation of anyone who wasn’t Caucasian (and even that one green kid had blonde hair) the streets of Metropolis gave birth to a hero whose mettle and courage are the equal of any who came before, and whose feats of power quickly made him one of the most respected heroes around. An multiple-time Olympic champion as well as&hellip

Or – “Before You Ask, No, I Didn’t Make This One Up…” The worlds of fiction are many and varied, and the tale of the young freedom fighter with the odds against him is a compelling one, turning up again and again. Whether a historical war (such as the long-running Tomahawk), an alien perspective (like Luke Skywalker), or something entirely different, there’s a lot of mileage to be had out of the story of one man against a corrupt system. So much so, that sometimes you can cut-and-paste that story into an entirely different world and continuity, with only the&hellip

Or – “SWEEET CHRISTMAS!” The Marvel Universe is a strange and occasionally terrible place. At any moment, a building could collapse because of rogue Hulks, or your entire neighborhood could get utterly annihilated by alien space bugs. Even back in the day, before the X-Men outnumbered the combined population of every town I lived in before the age of 17, it was a difficult place to live, where a random prison guard with a grudge could change your life forever (and that’s AFTER you were betrayed by your oldest friend and your first love murdered before your eyes.) Not everyone&hellip

Or – “It Takes A Real Man To Be A Superhero AND Host The Daily Show!” In a way, it’s kind of astonishing that in an industry that started in the mid-1930s, there were virtually no superheroes of color until the 1970s. Though today’s Hero History entrant wasn’t the first black superhero (that place is held by The Black Panther, circa 1966) nor the first African-American character to headline his own book (that honor goes to Dell Comics’ Lobo, a cowboy type who will probably make for a fine Retro Review soon enough), but John Stewart predates either Luke Cage&hellip

Or – “The Amazing 9-In-1 Superhero!” When I was a kid, there was no filter between toys, cartoons, comics and movies, nor would we have wanted one. We could watch the cartoon adventures of the same characters in our comics (though their adventures were often tonally different) and buy the appropriate tie-in toys at the local TG&Y store when we were done. Of course, this isn’t a Facebook post about how things were better when we were younger, this is all about the comics. When evil rears its ugly head, sometimes you need a hero with versatility, one who isn’t&hellip

Or – “An Epic Hero’s Journey Through Time, Space & Dimension!” These days, it’s kind of hard to remember that there were companies other than the Big Two (or Big Four, if you’re so inclined.) DC’s pedigree goes back to the dawn of comics Golden Age, while Marvel was kinda-sorta there, in spirit. But in those heady days, hundreds of other companies came and went, with names like Standard, Fawcett, Nedor, Fox Features, Quality, Chesler, Frog and the far-flung Isles of Langerhans! But publishing is a mug’s game, one that just as often leads to a late night exodus with&hellip

Or – “Why ‘New And Different’ Doesn’t Always Equal ‘Better.’ ” Comic books as an art form have been around for over a century now, and many of the characters we read about regularly have been doing their thing for three-quarters of a century. During those years, many revamps, relaunches and rejiggers have taken place to try and keep the characters relevant. Batman has gone from gun-toting vigilante to square-jawed smiling sentinel to dark night detective to father-figures, while Superman’s power levels have been up and down like the proverbial whore’s drawers. In retrospect, it’s clear lot of those re-imaginings&hellip

Or – “The Best There Is At What He Does. ” May I just start by saying that, MAN, these Hero Histories take forever. On average, I’m dealing with a couple hundred issues, sometimes spanning decades, trying to boil down a character to their essence (or, in some cases, their various differentiated essences) and find what makes them really tick, in my subjective opinion. When a particularly busy character comes along, it gets doubly annoying. This week’s Hero History entrant initially appeared as a mystery, his backstory unplumbed, and we only learned about him in fits and starts as his teammates&hellip

Or – “Bahamut says ‘WHAT?’ ” In the 8 or so decades since Siegel and Shuster got shafted over the rights for the guy in the blue tights, there have been literally THOUSANDS of heroes from hundreds of companies, ranging from the sublime to the ridiculous. For ever Batman, you have Skateman. For every Green Lantern, you have a Blue Rajah. For every Marvel Girl, you have a Great And Powerful Turtle. And for every Captain Marvel, you have… another Captain Marvel. My rather limited research strongly implies that the first hero to stick a military rank in front of&hellip

Or – “Fire BAD!!” During the month of October, I set off on a plan to do weekly Hero Histories on Halloween-appropriate heroes, starting with Dracula, and ending with a secret character. Seein’ as how we’re about two weeks short of Christmas, you can see how well that worked. Nonethless, I think we’re still holiday appropriate, seein’ as how we’re working with a hero who wears red and green (or atleast wears red and IS green.) Though a product of possibly evil intentions, he nonetheless overcame his creation to transform into something strongly resembling Superman. Like the original Man of&hellip


Location Table [ edit | uredi izvor]

Monument Zone Mjesto ( x z y )
Pupil Atlas Park 511 5 -1151
Pupil Echo Galaxy City -752 5 -1550
Pupil Kings Row -170 -42 -1467
Pupil Kings Row -400 4 1760
Pupil Perez Park -1174 -29 2252

Monument 1 [ edit | uredi izvor]

Monument 1, located in Atlas Park. Click image for larger version.

On this spot the titanic hero Atlas was posthumously awarded a key to the city for his many valiant efforts on behalf of its citizens.

This plaque is in Atlas Park, at the northwest corner of Atlas Plaza and is just south the Yellow Line.

Monument 2 [ edit | uredi izvor]

Monument 2, located in Galaxy City. Click image for larger version.

On this street in 1939, a parade was held to honor the hero Atlas. Though Atlas' nemesis, the Teal Serpent, tried to interrupt the festivities with a poison gas bomb, Atlas saved the spectators by scooping them up to sit on his mighty shoulders, far above the fumes. After getting the citizens to safety, Atlas sought out the Teal Serpent and defeated him. It is unknown whether the Serpent survived.

Its coordinates are (-752, 5, -1550) . It is located 132 yards due north of the Arena.

Monument 3 [ edit | uredi izvor]

Monument 3, located in Kings Row. Click image for larger version.

On July 12, 1932, this apartment building caught fire. Although fire fighters evacuated the residents, they were unable to contain the blaze. If not for the mighty hero Atlas, the entire neighborhood might have been lost. He arrived in time to clap out the flames with his massive hands.

Its coordinates are (-170, -42, -1467) . It is located 410 yards NNW of The Gish marker.

Monument 4 [ edit | uredi izvor]

Monument 4, located in Kings Row. Click image for larger version.

The building that used to stand in this spot was destroyed by the archvillain known only as the Teal Serpent. While Statesman battled the Serpent in an epic battle that raged for miles, the monumental Atlas turned his attention to the people trapped inside the rubble. With a gentleness to rival his strength, he picked apart the ruins with his massive fingers, freeing 243 people who would otherwise have perished.

Its coordinates are (-400, 4, 1760) . It is located 188 yards southwest of Blue Steel.

Monument 5 [ edit | uredi izvor]

Monument 5, located in Perez Park. Click image for larger version.

Atlas' wife, Gloria Branson, planted this tree in 1941 in memory of her fallen husband. The first to respond to the German attack on Paragon City at Independence Port, Atlas died defending the city and the people he loved.

This plaque is in Perez Park, 228 yards North of the Everett Lake Marker.


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Today, the idea of gladiators fighting to the death, and of an amphitheatre where this could take place watched by an enthusiastic audience, epitomises the depths to which the Roman Empire was capable of sinking. Yet, to the Romans themselves, the institution of the arena was one of the defining features of their civilisation.

Gladiators . were an expensive investment, not to be despatched lightly.

Hardly any contemporary voices questioned the morality of staging gladiatorial combat. And the gladiators' own epitaphs mention their profession without shame, apology, or resentment. So who were these gladiators, and what was their role in Roman society?

The Romans believed that the first gladiators were slaves who were made to fight to the death at the funeral of a distinguished aristocrat, Junius Brutus Pera, in 264 BC. This spectacle was arranged by the heirs of the deceased to honour his memory.

Gradually gladiatorial spectacle became separated from the funerary context, and was staged by the wealthy as a means of displaying their power and influence within the local community. Advertisements for gladiatorial displays have survived at Pompeii, painted by professional sign-writers on house-fronts, or on the walls of tombs clustered outside the city-gates. The number of gladiators to be displayed was a key attraction: the larger the figure, the more generous the sponsor was perceived to be, and the more glamorous the spectacle.

Most gladiators were slaves. They were subjected to a rigorous training, fed on a high-energy diet, and given expert medical attention. Hence they were an expensive investment, not to be despatched lightly.

For a gladiator who died in combat the trainer (lanista) might charge the sponsor of the fatal spectacle up to a hundred times the cost of a gladiator who survived. Hence it was very much more costly for sponsors to supply the bloodshed that audiences often demanded, although if they did allow a gladiator to be slain it was seen as an indication of their generosity.

Remarkably, some gladiators were not slaves but free-born volunteers. The chief incentive was probably the down-payment that a volunteer received upon taking the gladiatorial oath. This oath meant that the owner of his troupe had ultimate sanction over the gladiator's life, assimilating him to the status of a slave (ie a chattel).

Some maverick emperors with a perverted sense of humour made upper-class Romans (of both sexes) fight in the arena. But, as long as they did not receive a fee for their participation, such persons would be exempt from the stain of infamia, the legal disability that attached to the practitioners of disreputable professions such as those of gladiators, actors and prostitutes.


Original Wonder Woman

After making her debut in All Star Comics No. 8, Wonder Woman graced the cover of Sensation Comics No. 1 1942. godine.

Her original story sees her leave behind her home on Paradise Island after an American pilot named Steve Trevor crash lands on Themyscira and the islanders compete to determine who will travel to the “Man’s World” to return him. Wonder Woman wins and also has the honor to act as an ambassador of the Amazons’ values on a mission of peace and diplomacy.

Once in America, Wonder Woman meets an army nurse who wants to leave for South America, but can’t due to money problems. Since the nurse and Wonder Woman look identical, they decide to switch identities and Wonder Woman takes on the nurse’s position at the hospital, which happens to be the same hospital where Steve Trevor has been admitted. The nurse reveals her name is Diana Princess and thus Wonder Woman’s secret identity as an army nurse is created. She quickly attains the ranks of lieutenant in Army Intelligence — a position rarely obtained by woman at that time. During this Golden Age of the comic book, Diana was certainly interested in fighting crime, but she also took on more stereotypical female desires as she pursued a marriage with Steve Trevor.

In the Silver Age of the comic, Wonder Woman gives up her powers and title to her mother in order to stay in the “Man’s World.” Though she no longer holds the title of Wonder Woman she meets and trains under a blind martial arts mentor and resumes her crime fighting ways.

The Bronze Age saw Diana’s powers and costume return as she is reinstated as Wonder Woman in issue No. 204 of Volume 1. In the last issue of the same volume, Diana and Steve Trevor profess their love for one another and are married.

As Wonder Woman embarked on the modern age, her history and backstory were further revamped. Wonder Woman took on the role as an emissary and ambassador for Themyscira, whose mission it was to bring peace to the outside world. In a distinct change from the methods of her male counterparts, Batman and Superman, Diana was willing to use deadly force when she judged it necessary. Another notable change in this era was that Diana’s marriage to Steve Trevor was removed from her story and he was introduced as a much older man instead.

In September 2011, DC Comics rebooted its entire publication line, naming the relaunch New 52. Written by Brian Azzarello, New 52 sees Wonder Woman’s origin story altered once more — this time she becomes the love child of Hippolyta and Zeus and no longer born from clay and earth. She also becomes romantically involved with Superman.


HIStory: My Hero (2017)

After dying, a young girl's soul takes over the body of a lonely boy to try to be with her boyfriend once again. However, she has one week for her boyfriend to fall in love with her new body. Or else both her and the boy's body dies. Edit Translation

  • Zemlja: Taiwan
  • Type: Drama
  • Episodes: 4
  • Aired: Feb 14, 2017 - Feb 17, 2017
  • Aired On: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday
  • Original Network:CHOCO TV
  • Trajanje: 20 min.
  • Score: 7.1 (scored by 6,383 users)
  • Ranked: #4421
  • Popularity: #612
  • Content Rating: 15+ - Teens 15 or older
  • Watchers: 11,311
  • Favorites: 0

Where to Watch HIStory: My Hero

Cast & Credits

Fotografije

Recenzije

How would you get someone to fall in love with you again if you died and returned in someone else's body, and as a different gender?

This is a 4-part series, roughly 75 minutes total run-time.

STORY: The first part is wacky and a tad confusing but stick with it because it settles down and reaches its stride rather quickly and carries it all the way to the through the end credit roll. There are also quite a few clichés but this has a HAPPY, even if a somewhat bittersweet, ending!

ACTING/CAST: The cast chemistry was great (well, only 3 people really get any real screen time). The main couple were fun to watch and there were a few hilarious bathroom scenes that as a guy I was cringing and laughing at the same time. Makes me wonder: do women really not know male bathroom etiquette? Well, watch the scenes and you'll see what i'm talking about.

MUSIC: The music was good though I don't speak the language. The sound quality had issues but this was most likely because I saw the English fan-subbed version.

REWATCH VALUE: Definitely will watch this again, next time with a good friend.

TLDR: Starts out strange, quickly gets good, has some twists, and a happy ending!

I had no idea what this story was about. I watched it to scratch an itching boredom.

In the predictability meter, one would initially rate this very high. I, myself, grinned at how I thought I knew how the story would go. It was constantly light: nothing was totally aggravating nor was there something totally upsetting. One would get pissed at some point, but it'll just be like seeing a poop on your peaceful walk at the park--you see it, not step on it, and just continue walking. Then, you go back to that predictability meter and you'll find it static at 1%. Like, seriously, stop predicting the end and just enjoy the story.

The actors were good. I'm doing this review after watching all three stories, so I have done the "compare and contrast" among the actors. This gave the lightest feel among the three, but that doesn't mean the actors showed an inferior quality of acting. They delivered subtle acting without making me cringe and I think that's a good thing.

I have already watched this thrice and it still gives off that satisfying sigh followed by a lingering smile as the last episode's credit rolls. I don't think that happy aftermath would fade off even when I watch it a few more times. Wait, am I spoiling anything for you? Haha, the question is this. are you sure about your definition of a happy ending?


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